Field of medicine has seen a tremendous advancements in the past few years. As we learned to treat the life threatening diseases like Cholera, chicken pox and malaria death rate of newborns has been decreased remarkably. Today we have shots available for almost all diseases . Our governments ensure that every newborn is given such shots at the right times. As you might aware Tetanus shot is just one of them. Everyone of us must have taken this shot in some point or the other. In this article, we tell you every single detail you want to know about tetanus shot.
How Often Do You Need A Tetanus Shot?
What is Tetanus?
Tetanus is a dreadful disease. If left untreated, it can even lead to death. Tetanus or lockjaw disease is caused by the bacteria known as bacterium Clostridium Tetani. People of all age groups can get affected by this disease when they are exposed to soil, dust and manure. Tetanus developing bacteria can enter into our system through a cut in the skin. As it can cause severe damages to the center nervous systems, it results in muscle spasms. Symptoms of tetanus shot includes spasms in chest, abdomen, neck & buttock. Other symptoms include uncontrolled urination, irritability, drooling, difficulty in swallowing and fever. Newborns can easily fall prey to this disease from their mother. In 1998, more than 58,000 newborns have fallen prey to this disease. Tetanus disease is broadly categorized into 2, mild and severe.
Know How It Works
Tetanus shot is nothing but a tetanus vaccine that is composed of deactivated tetanus bacterium.It stops the wide spread of poison called tetanospasmin. Formaldehyde found in this vaccine is used as a liquid preservative in many other vaccines. The components Thimerosal ,Aluminum Phosphate found in Tetanus shot used as anti-fungal agent and adjuvant respectively. Other well known components of Tetanus shot include Sodium chloride, Sodium Phosphate Dibasic and Monobasic which are used as anti septic and preservative agents.
Symptoms Of Tetanus Shot
Some common symptoms of Tetanus include:
- Llockjaw and stiff muscles in the face making it difficult to open your mouth
- painful muscle spasms also including in some cases breathing difficulty
- a high temperature
- a rapid heartbeat
Tetanus symptoms occur as a result of toxin produced by tetanus bacteria. Symptoms usually begin around a week after infection. This may differ and in some circumstances can range from up to three days to three weeks. The most common of symptoms is a stiff jaw, which can ultimately become “locked.”
Did You Know?
Under the Affordable Care Act, many health insurance plans will cover preventive care services, including checkups, vaccinations and screening tests, at no cost to you. Learn more.
People Who Are At The High Risk Of Developing Tetanus
- If you have a plan to fly abroad, it is mandatory to get a tetanus shot.
- People who work in agricultural field are more prone to develop this dreadful tetanus disease. So getting the Tetanus shot will help them to protect themselves.
- As the tetani bacteria can live in the horse’s stomach and intestine, people who work with horses are suggested to get a tetanus shot.
- Individuals who work in agricultural sectors can frequently come in contact with manures and dirt. They require a tetanus vaccination. These are some of the most frequent cases and you may need a tetanus vaccination urgently.
- Remember, Tetanus bacteria can spread virile and infect anyone. You don’t want to be a reason for some others suffering. Prevention is better than cure. To avoid facing the undesirable situations, get a tetanus shot when it is required.
How Often Do You Need A Tetanus Shot?
Every child has to get the Tetanus Shot between its 15 to 18 months. After that ,your child should get this shot every 10 years once.
Tetanus shots can be categorized into 2 different types.
- Td -Offers protection against Tetanus and Diptheria
- Tdap – Offers protection against Tetanus , Diptheria and cellular pertussis.
For those who did not receive a tetanus vaccine as a child, a further option is available which consists of a three-dose treatment with the first dose being a three-in-one combination called Tdap which protects against tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough. The other two required doses consist of a a dual vaccine to cover tetanus and diphtheria. The three dose treatment takes place over a period of seven to 12 months. It is advised that vaccination against pertussis is particularly important for those who may be in direct contact with young infants or patients. After this three dose treatments, individuals can move onto the 10 year booster.
Alongside the option of a vaccination, there are also a number of other ways to prevent and control Tetanus. These include:
- Option of a small procedure that would remove any dead tissue or foreign material, such as dirt.
- Medication or massage to help to relieve muscle stiffness and spasms
- breathing support e.g inhaler or ventilator
In Adults Tetanus injection are generally an extension of the vaccination that an individual has been given during childhood. There is a high chance that if you haven’t been immunized properly in your early childhood against tetanus, it may affect you during the later stages of life. An example would be a pregnant woman who hasn’t had the Tetanus vaccination and delivers the baby in unhygienic conditions. This poses a potential life risk to both mother and baby.
- For those who have never had a tetanus vaccination before, you may be advised to adopt the three dose methodology of the vaccine ideally before you leave on your travels. It should be noted that there is a requirement for a one-month gaps between each dose. Full courses should be completed once you return from your travels.
- For individuals who have had the three initial doses of the vaccine but no booster dose, having a booster dose before travel may on occasion be recommended
Where To Get The Tetanus Shot?
Being one of the most common vaccines, you can get the tetanus shots at any registered hospital or medical facility. For more info, you can contact the U.S department of health through the toll free numbers 1800-822-7967\1800-822-2463.
Pain Management After Getting A Tetanus Shot
Tetanus injections are usually given in the deltoid (shoulder) muscle. The area where the tetanus injection is administered can remain sore for up to 1-2 days. The pain accompanied by these injections can generally be combatted with the administration of other medicines such as ibuprofen. It is advisable to consult the medical experts before taking any pain killers based on our own knowledge of symptoms. Extreme side effects of tetanus injections is where an individual may feel incredible pain and loss of muscles in the upper arm. These cases are rare but again it is best advised to consult a medical healthcare professional.
Tetanus injections have mixed views in terms of how painful they seem to be. Some argue that it is one of the most painful vaccinations with the associated pain lasting for a day up to about a week. It is the most encouraged vaccination for infants in that it is believed to help develop resistance against the harmful bacteria from an early age.
I hope that you are now clear with the Tetanus injections. Spread the word around and remind your people to get vaccinated. Share this post , “How Often Do You Need A Tetanus Shot” and do a favor to your lovable ones.